The malaria prevention program in Indonesia aims to eliminate malaria gradually by 2030. The Ministry of Health will submit a certification assessment for malaria elimination in Indonesia to the World Health Organization (WHO) by 2030. Each region will be considered malaria free if it meets the following conditions: 1. Can prove that the area has been free from local transmission (indigenous cases) of malaria in the last three years. 2. Have a good system in place to ensure that there is no re-infection 3.The level of positivity is less than 5% 4. API (Annual Parasite Incidence) or the number of malaria sufferers is less than 1 per 1,000 population
High-endemic districts/cities are still concentrated in eastern Indonesia, including Papua Province, West Papua Province, and East Nusa Tenggara Province. Meanwhile, there is still one province outside the eastern region that has a high endemic district, namely Penajaman Paser Utara, East Kalimantan.
The Ministry of Health noted that the total number of malaria cases in Indonesia in 2019 was 250,644. About 86% occurred in Papua (216,380 cases). Then, followed by East Nusa Tenggara with 12,909 cases and West Papua with 7,079 cases. Meanwhile, there are 300 districts/cities (58%) that have eliminated malaria. This means that around 208.1 million Indonesians (77.7%) live in malaria-free areas.