The malaria prevention program in Indonesia aims to eliminate malaria gradually by 2030. The Ministry of Health will submit a certification assessment for malaria elimination in Indonesia to the World Health Organization (WHO) by 2030. Each region will be considered malaria free if it meets the following conditions: 1. Can prove that the area has been free from local transmission (indigenous cases) of malaria in the last three years. 2. Have a good system in place to ensure that there is no re-infection 3.The level of positivity is less than 5% 4. API (Annual Parasite Incidence) or the number of malaria sufferers is less than 1 per 1,000 population
High-endemic districts/cities are still concentrated in eastern Indonesia, including Papua Province, West Papua Province, and East Nusa Tenggara Province. Meanwhile, there is still one province outside the eastern region that has a high endemic district, namely Penajaman Paser Utara, East Kalimantan.
The Ministry of Health noted that the total number of malaria cases in Indonesia in 2020 was 254,055. The percentage of laboratory-confirmed malaria suspects using either microscopic or RDT in 2020 is 97% with a total of 1,823,104 examinations from 1,877,769 suspects examined with a positivity rate (PR) of 14%.